Treasure Chest Thursday: Joseph B. Anderson and Eliza Battle’s Marriage Records, Macon Co., NC

The following three documents were taken from the microfilm (C.061 60001) of marriage bonds held at the North Carolina State Archives in Raleigh for Macon County, North Carolina. The term “bonds” is perhaps misleading because while there are many marriage bonds in these records, there are also other accompanying records, as can be seen here.

I apologize for the fuzzy nature of the images. These were the best copies I could obtain using the microfilm reader at the Macon County Library in Franklin.

This is the actual marriage bond. It reads:

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA.
Macon County.

KNOW ALL MEN by these Presents, That We
Joseph B Anderson and J. M. Anderson in the State aforesaid, are held
and firmly bound to the State of North Carolina, in the just and full sum of FIVE HUNDRED
POUNDS, current money of the State, to the which payment well and truly to be made and
done, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators. Sealed with our seals,
and dated this 7 day of January A. D. 1852.

THE CONDITION OF THE ABOVE OBLIGATION IS SUCH, THAT whereas, the above
bounden Joseph[?] B Andeson [sic] hath made application for a License for Marriage,
to be celebrated between him and Eliza Battle of the County afore-
said: Now in case it shall not appear, hereafter, that there is any lawful cause to obstruct
said marriage, the above obligation to be void; otherwise to remain in full force and virtue.

SIGNED, SEALED AND DELIVERED, } Joseph B Anderson
IN PRESENCE OF } James M Anderson

J K Gray

Notice that this document contains the original signatures of both Joseph B. Anderson and his brother, James M. Anderson.

This is the marriage license, giving leave for Joseph and Eliza to be married.

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
Macon COUNTY.

To any Regular Minister of the Gospel, having the care of Souls,
of whatever denomination = or to any Justice of the Peace
of said County:

You, or any of you, are hereby LICENSED and AUTHORIZED to celebrate and solemnize the
RITES OF MATRIMONY between Joseph B Anderson and
Eliza Battle and join them together as MAN AND WIFE.

WITNESS, J K Grey Clerk of Macon County Court,
at office the 7thday of January A. D. 1852.

J K Gray Clk

And finally, this is the document in which the officiant certified that he had married Joseph and Eliza. It appears to have been written on the back of a marriage license, although Joseph and Eliza’s license doesn’t appear to be folded in the microfilm image.

I hereby Certify that on the 7[?] January 1853
I Celebrated the rites of matrimony betwen [sic]
Joseph B Anderson and Eliza Battle this 16 of
March 1853 Thomas [?] Mashburn J P

Now the only question is: in what year was this couple married? The bond very clearly says 1852, but the Justice of the Peace’s certification says 1853. The license could go either way, although I interpreted it as 1852. This is where a corroborating document, like a church record, would come in handy!

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