This document is part of Mansfield and Harriet (Black) Anderson’s pension and bounty land warrant applications file (No. 11127), based on Mansfield’s service in the War of 1812. The original file is held by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). I accessed the file through fold3.
This file holds a great deal of information about Mansfield in particular, but also about Harriet, two of their children, and the family’s standing within their community in Macon Co., NC. It also contains information about the family’s movement from Tennessee to Mississippi and then back east. I hope to transcribe interesting documents from the file and place them online over the next few weeks.
Today’s document is an affidavit made by Mansfield attesting to his War of 1812 service in order to apply for a bounty land warrant. A good overview of bounty land warrants is available at About.com Genealogy (written by Kimberly Powell). NARA has a PDF with a brief background explaining where to find these records.
State of North Carolina }
Macon County } On the 13th day of Decmber A.D. 1850
personally appeared before me
J R Siler a Justice of the Peace within and
for the county and State aforesaid Mansfield Anderson
aged fifty five years a resident of Macon in the
State of North Carolina who being duly Sworn according
to law declares, that he is the identicle Mansfield
Anderson who was a musition in the company
commanded by Captain John Porter in the
Righment of Militia commanded by Col John K Winn
in the war with Great Brittain declared by the
United States on the 18th day of June, 1812, that he
volunteerd at Fayittvile[?] Tenessee on the 4th day of
October A.D. 1813 for the term of three months and
was honorably discharged at Fayettville on the 4th
day of January 1814 as will appear by his original
certificate of discharge herewith presented or by the
Muster rolls of Said company
He makes this declaration for the purpose of
obtaining the bounty land to which he may be entitled
under the act granting bounty land to certain
offices and soldiers who have been engaged in the militia
by[?] Service of the United States, passed September 28th 1850
Sworn to and subscribed[?] before me the day and
year above written. And I hereby certify that I
believ the said Mansfield Anderson to be the
Identical man who served as aforesaid and
isis of the age above stated.
J R Siler JP
There’s so much information contained in this one affidavit. Mansfield gave his age as 55, making his approximated year of birth 1795. When he volunteered for service on 4 October 1813, he would have been about 18 years of age, possibly younger given his role as a musician.
His enlistment in Fayetteville, Tennessee, places his family much farther west than I would’ve suspected for this time period. Fayetteville is located in Lincoln County, which borders Alabama and is due north of Huntsville. Given Mansfield’s age, it’s probable that he was in Fayetteville or the surrounding area with close kin.
Finally, Mansfield’s service lasted exactly three months in the 1st Regiment of the Tennessee Militia in service of Captain John Porter and under the command of Colonel John K. Wynn. My knowledge of the War of 1812 is fairly thin, but I did find a brief description of the unit’s activities at the Tennessee State Library and Archives under Regimental Histories of Tennessee Units During the War of 1812:
Along with Colonel McCrory’s regiment, this unit was part of the brigade commanded by General Isaac Roberts. Wynn’s regiment totaled approximately 417 men. They participated in [Andrew] Jackson’s first campaign into Creek territory where they fought at the Battle of Talladega (9 November 1813). At this battle the regiment sustained heavy casualties, especially in Captain John Porter’s company, where the captain himself was among the wounded.
Colonel Wynn was a planter and politician from Wilson County who was serving as state senator at the time of the outbreak of the Creek War. His regiment was mustered in at Fayetteville in early October 1813 and mustered out in early January 1814.
Mansfield’s service in the War of 1812 covered the entire duration of his regiment. He was likely at the Battle of Talladega, where Captain Porter was wounded and many of his fellow soldiers were lost, although I don’t believe mention of the battle is found in any of the papers that are part of the pension and bounty land warrant applications file.
Next week, a look at Mansfield’s discharge paper.